Periodontal or gum disease is a chronic infection of your gums that causes damage to the tissue and the bone that support your teeth. If this condition is left untreated, it will eventually result in tooth loss.
The main cause of gum disease is a colorless layer of plaque that accumulates on the surface of your teeth. If the plaque is not removed, it will harden and turn into tartar. The bacteria in the plaque will lead to an infection and subsequent destruction of the gum tissue that holds your teeth in place. The result is your gum tissue separating from your teeth, creating a “pocket” that will ultimately cause your teeth to fall out.
Statistics reveal that three out of four adults over the age of 35 develop periodontal disease to some degree.